非自愿和自愿的自传体记忆

自传体记忆是我们亲身经历的往事日常存储和被认为是在维护自我和身份感的关键。

这是故意回忆回忆和那些浮现在脑海中无自发我们试图回忆起事情之间我们的研究区分。我们的主要焦点一直是不由自主的自传体记忆的性质和他们自愿自传体记忆的区别。

我们已经开发出一种 新的研究方法, which induces and measures involuntary memories in the laboratory by modelling the conditions in which involuntary memories occur in everyday life (Schlagman & Kvavilashvili, 2008). Our results show that involuntary memories are recalled twice as fast than voluntary memories. This method has enabled world wide research on the underlying mechanisms of involuntary memories, and has been recently extended to the study of spontaneous thoughts about the future.

Another novel line of research concerns the so called involuntary semantic memories or mind-pops, which are isolated fragments of general knowledge such as a particular word or saying, a visual image or a song/melody, that pop into our mind and often surprise us with their irrelevance to the current situation. Although general public and novelists (e.g., Nabokov, Shalamov) have long noted the existence of mind-pops, especially songs and melodies coming to mind unexpectedly, empirical research on this topic started only in late 1990s at the University of Hertfordshire (subsequently published in Kvavilashvili & Mandler, 2004).

我们的研究结果一致显示,不由自主的回忆语义确实存在,即使是在报道频率较大的个体差异和经验丰富的心态持久性有机污染物的类型(语言,视觉或音乐)。随后的研究也检查它们发生在日常生活中的条件和他们的年龄和临床条件(例如,精神分裂症,抑郁症)的函数流行。结果表明,心中砰砰由甚至非常年幼的儿童(5岁)的报道,但人报告他们遇到的数量减少,因为人们变老。特别感兴趣的是发现这表明,精神分裂症患者的报告曾记砰砰比更频繁地控制和抑郁症患者(elua等,2012; 2015)。这些研究结果表明一种新的想法,心中砰砰可以是原始的认知材料至少一些精神分裂症的幻听。看到 科学美国人 文章摩天贾布尔。